A Chalazion is a cyst in the eyelid, medically known as a meibomian gland lipogranuloma. They are painless nodules and can become acutely inflamed, taking months to heal fully with treatment or years to heal without any complication. In laymen terms, it is a small bump, mostly on the upper eyelid, caused by blockage of a tiny oil gland.
A chalazion develops in the glands producing the fluid that lubricates the eye, known as Meibomian glands present in the count of hundreds, in the eye, located near the eyelashes. The chalazion is caused by the blockage of the duct that drains these glands.
The symptoms of having chalazia are sensitivity of light, increased drinking, eyelid tenderness and painful swelling on the eyelid. The eyelid is examined to confirm the diagnosis and in rare cases, the gland ducts are blocked by skin cancer, which may then lead to a biopsy.
The removal of chalazion can have many treatments and sometimes, it may disappear on its own. Primarily, warm compresses may be applied thrice a day which may soften the hardened oils blocking the duct and promote healing and drainage. If the chalazion gets bigger, it may be surgically removed; from underneath the eyelid so that the skin is not scarred. Antibiotic eye drops are used after the removal of chalazion and t may also be alternatively treated with steroid injection.
Although the complications are minimal, it may happen that a large chalazion can cause astigmatism because of the pressure on the cornea but it may get healed with treatment. It may happen that the cyst gets bigger larger than treatment or eyelash loss may occur. In such cases, further medication should be called for. People pronounce to chalazia should clean the eyelid area and the eyelashes to reduce clogging of the ducts.
Another option may be a laser eye surgery which consist of shaping the cornea but can lead to its deformation in the long run. Rucurring chalazia may be interpreted as a symptom of a cancer known as sebaceous cell carcinoma. The surgery is the last resort but it may cause blepharitis as surgeries are intrusive and known to damage healthy tissues. Here, it is always considered as the last resort.
With the advent of technology and internet revolution, there are new emerging ways for removal of chalazia and the developments that can be known with websites providing medical news. The new technologies also increasing focus on the safety of the procedure and minimize the complications.