Chest Pain

Chest pain is one of the most frightening symptoms a person can have. This pain includes any type of pain or discomfort that occurs between your upper belly area and your lower neck. This pain is often a classic symptom of a heart attack, or its milder relative, angina – but it is also associated with several other maladies, from heartburn to pneumonia. To most people, experiencing a pain in the chest area means you are having a heart attack! In children this pain is a common complaint, often attributed to musculoskeletal conditions. Chest pain combined with a shortness of breath and / or a burning sensation are some of the common symptoms of heartburn. Lying down may relieve you from discomfort from a heart attack, but it does not stop it. Heartburn, however, has nothing to do with your heart because it is a digestive problem. So we have to divide the types of chest pain into two areas – cardiac and non-cardiac. Cardiac pain is caused by a lack of oxygen to the heart muscle and can be a serious, life-threatening symptom and is the classic symptom of a heart attack. Pain from a heart attack feels like the chest is being squeezed or crushed, as if by an intense weight or pressure is on it. Pain in the chest due to a cardiac condition is rare in children and adolescents, with a prevalence of less than 6%.

Non-cardiac pain may be caused by viruses or bacteria or be aggravated by irritants (cleaning detergents, environmental toxicity, pollution or cold air), allergens (dust mites, dander or pollen) or excessive smoking. Non-cardiac pain is also a very common and frightening symptom of panic disorder.

Heart attacks often occur after physical exertion that spikes your blood pressure. Heart pain is often radiated to teeth and jaw. A heart attack is the death of heart muscle due to the loss of blood supply. Heart attacks without chest pain are more common than originally thought, especially among women. Heart attacks kill more people in the US than any other single disease, and the main symptom that people have from a heart attack is chest pain


Causes of chest pain can vary from minor problems, such as indigestion or stress, to serious medical emergencies, such as a heart attack or pulmonary embolism. Causes of chest pain or its precipitating factors include activities like walking, jogging, running and carrying heavy workloads. Other potential causes include serious circulatory problems such as atherosclerosis, angina, pericarditis, coronary spasm or myocarditis. Exercising in cold weather can cause chest pain in some people who have no problems when they exercise in warm weather. Lung problems that can cause chest pain include blood clot in the lung (pulmonary embolism), a collapse of the lung (pneumothorax). Inflammation of the lining around the lung (pleurisy) can cause chest pain that usually feels sharp, and often gets worse when you take a deep breath or cough. Angina is short termed chest pain primarily caused by the lack of oxygen supply in the body and also due to the lack of waste removal from the body. The cause may be a build-up of faty deposits, or plaque (pronounced “plak”), inside your arms – the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from the heart to your body. Lack of Vitamin D can cause an array of problems and adversely affect already existing conditions, back pain included.


Symptoms that commonly occur with chest pain include chest tenderness and pain that increases with deep breathing or movement and can also radiate to the jaw, shoulder, neck, upper back or arm. Symptoms of heart disease include angina (characteristic on exertion) and decreased exercise tolerance. You may not think that the symptoms really hurt but they can lead to several complications. The signs and symptoms of a heart attack may start slowly, or they may happen suddenly. The symptoms of heartburn may include a burning sensation in the chest, just behind the breastbone. If you have a cold, you can have any or all of these symptoms: increased nasal discharge (a runny nose), difficulty breathing through the nose, sneezing, a scratchy throat, and cough.

Chest pain is an indicator of a pending or occurring heart attack. When you have any doubt as to the cause, you should seek medical treatment immediately. Time is the most important factor in saving your life.

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Things You Should Know About Mitral Valve Stenosis

When the mitral valve gets narrowed and the blood flow decreases inside the heart, the condition is called mitral stenosis. This valve is situated on the left side of the heart between atrium ie, the upper chamber of the heart and ventricle ie, the lower chamber. When mitral stenosis happens, this valve becomes narrowed and obstructs the free flow of the blood through the atrium. In effect, the heart has to work harder so that it can pump blood across the narrow valve. This over exertion may eventually end up in heart failure itself. Mitral stenosis often coexist with mitral incompetence and is often found to be more common in females.


In most cases it occurs due to an earlier damage caused to the valve by a rheumatic fever attack. But, these days rheumatic fever occurrence is very rare, especially in developed countries. In the UK, mitral stenosis was found in elderly or middle aged people who were reported to have rheumatic fever in their childhood. In very few cases, mitral stenosis was found to be existent at birth also.

Symptoms – these include:

  • Feeling tired without a solid reason.
  • Shortness of breath while exertion in the beginning but in later stages, this will occur even when you are resting.
  • Rapid / abnormal beating of heart or palpitations
  • Swelling of the tissues, especially on ankles will also happen as the condition becomes worse. These can be symptoms of heart failure itself.


In some cases of mitral stenosis irregular and rapid beating of the atria can be observed (ReferAtrial fibrillation). Another complication is clotting of blood on the wall of the left atrium as it does not empty itself completely. Also in case fragments of such blood clots break off, it may lead to blocking of some other blood vessel in a different place in the body. On the other hand, if such a clot happens and blocks an artery supplying blood to the brain, the result may be a stroke.


After the initial examination, the first thing your doctor ask may be to take an ECG so that the electrical activity of the heart can be monitored. The interior of the heart will be imaged by echocardiography, which will help to understand the valve movements in the heart. A chest X-ray may also be necessary. In order to measure the seriousness of the condition, a cardiac catheter procedure will also be helpful. In this procedure, a cardiac catheter is inserted through the blood vessels of the heart and with the help of a device attached to it, the catheter measures the pressure on both sides of the valve.


Symptoms of mitral stenosis are relieved by proper drug treatments in most cases. For example, shortness of breath can be relieved by removing extra fluid from the body. For this, diuretics may be administered. In case of abnormal heart rhythm antiarrhythmic drugs may be prescribed to correct them. Also, in order to avoid blood clots in the heart, anti-coagulation drugs may be used.

In case drug treatment turned out to be unsuccessful, a balloon valvuloplasty is the next option. In this, a catheter with a balloon attached to its tip is passed into the stenosed valve of the heart and the balloon is inflated briefly which will widen it. Otherwise, the valve will have to be replaced or repaired by surgery (Refer Heart valve replacement).

A valve replacement surgery is always susceptible to infection. Therefore, before any dental or surgical procedures on the urinary or digestive tracts, where there is a chance of infection entering into your bloodstream, you should take antibiotics (single dose).

It is found that balloon valvuloplasty is only a temporary solution for mitral stenosis as in most cases it comes back within a year. Nonetheless, if you do a valve replacement it will be more effective and will hold good for ten years or more.

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Hints About Mitral Valve Incompetence

The condition in which blood leakage occurs in the heart through the mitral valve is known as mitral incompetence. To be exact, this valve is located on the left side of the heart between the atrium (upper chamber) and the ventricle (lower chamber). When mitral incompetence occurs, the mitral valve stops working in the proper way and it allows blood to flow back into the atrium as it does not get closed properly. Such a blood leak escalates blood pressure in the vessels leading to that particular chamber. As a result, the left side of the heart, where mitral valve is located, has to work harder so that it can pump blood to all parts of the body. This will eventually lead to chronic heart failure. In some cases, mitral incompetence can happen in combination with mitral stenosis.

Major causes

It is found that occasionally, mitral incompetence can be present at birth itself. This occurs mainly due to a rare genetic disorder known as Marfan's syndrome. It is a known fact that any condition that is serious enough to cause mitral valve damage can ever cause mitral incompetence. One among such causes was rheumatic fever. Even though this was once a very obvious cause for mitral incompetence, nowdays it is rarely detected in developed countries. This is mainly due to the intensive use of antibiotics. An infection of the valve is also another common cause for mitral incompetence (Refer Infective endocarditis). In addition to these a condition called hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may also distort the valve and cause incompetence. In this condition left ventricle wall gets thickened. This can happen also due to a heart attack in case the heart muscle close to that particular valve is affected (Myocardial infarction). In a few cases, mitral incompetence is also found to occur in combination with mitral valve prolapse.


Generally, mitral incompetence symptoms surface gradually. It may often take many months or years before they are completely surfaced. But, if this incompetence is caused by a heart attack or valve infection chances are that they will surface immediately. The common symptoms of mitral incompetence include:

· Feeling tired with no obvious reason.

· Shortness of breath while exerting oneself.

· Palpitations (being aware of irregular and abnormally quick heartbeats).

Sooner or later, chronic heart failure symptoms also may surface, like gasping for breath at rest other than during exertion. This often occurs because of fluid present in the lungs. Apart from that, swapping can also be observed at the ankles due to the fluid build-up in the body tissues.


The backward blood flow caused by the disease may cause the left atrium to get enlarged, causing irregular heartbeat (refer Atrial fibrillation). In case the atrium is too big and it becomes impossible for it to empty itself with each heartbeat there may be a chance of blood getting clotted. If such a clot forms in an artery supplying blood to the brain, it will result in a stroke. Another possible complication is when a leaky mitral valve gets infected after a dental treatment or a surgery on the urinary or digestive tracts.

Steps which can be taken

Heart murmurs often help your doctor for detecting mitral incompetence. As the next step, heart and lung function tests can be performed, together with an ECG and a chest X-ray. ECG helps to take images of the heart interior and confirm the diagnosis. It will also help us to monitor the movements of the mitral valve.

In case heart failure symptoms surfaces, diuretics drugs may be administered to relieve such symptoms. In case the left atrium gets enlarged, drugs that prevent blood clotting should be administered immediately so that the risk of getting blood clots in the atrium is minimized. In case of sever mitral incompetence, a valve surgery to get it repaired or a heart valve implantation / replacement is the only solution. In case you have a replaced or damaged heart valve, you should take antibiotics (often a single dose) before a dental treatment or a surgery on the urinary or digestive tracts.

Always keep in mind that mitral incompetence should always be tackled as early as possible before the heart gets damaged poorly.

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About Cholesterol and Some of the Myths and Misunderstandings

Most people are vaguely aware of cholesterol and that periodically they should have a cholesterol test every year at their doctors or by using a readily available home test kit. Many of us think that cholesterol is a bad thing, but as with many things in life things are not necessarily that simple. The truth, as always, is a little more complicated but well worth understanding.

Many people do not really know what cholesterol actually is or realize that it is in fact absolutely essential for life and if you had no cholesterol you would die. In physical terms cholesterol is a fatty, waxy substance found in all cells of the human body. Your body needs some cholesterol to function properly and you do not need to eat cholesterol or take supplements to get it as your body makes all the cholesterol it requires completely naturally.

The body uses cholesterol to make hormones, vitamin D, and other substances important in the digestion process. Because cholesterol is fatty and your bloodstream is essentially watery (and just like oil and water, the two do not mix) in order travel in the bloodstream, cholesterol is carried in small packages called lipoproteins. The small packages are made of fat (called lipids) on the inside and proteins on the outside. There are two kinds of lipoproteins which carry cholesterol through your body. It is important to have healthy levels of both:

Firstly there are low-density lipoproteins (LDL) cholesterol. This is sometimes referred to as “Bad Cholesterol”.

Secondly there are high-density lipoproteins (HDL) cholesterol. This is sometimes referred to as Good Cholesterol.

High levels of LDL cholesterol can lead to a build up of cholesterol in arteries which can accumulate over time constricting the flow of blood through them arteries increasing the risk of conditions such as heart disease and stroke.

HDL – good cholesterol – on the other hand carries cholesterol away from parts of your body back to your liver and the liver removes the cholesterol from your body. Thus the higher your HDL cholesterol level, the lower your chance of getting heart disease. Once fatty deposits have built up on your arteries having a healthy balance between the two cholesterol is unhelpily to help.

Over time, a build up of LDL cholesterol causes a condition called atherosclerosis, which is a hardening of the arteries. These arteries become narrowed and blood flow to the heart is restricted. The blood carries oxygen to the heart, and if enough oxygenated blood does not reach your heart it becomes weakened. You may suffer chest pain. When the blood supply to a portion of the heart is completely cut off by a blockage, then a heart attack results. Similarly, reduced blood flow to your brain can cause a stroke.

For all these reasons therefore it is a good idea to have regular health tests to make sure that problems do not occur in the first place. Also it is important to make sure that your cholesterol test breaks down your total cholesterol into LDL and HDL as clearly it is the relative levels of each of these that is important for good health.

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Why Your Cholesterol Will Thank You For Not Smoking

When it comes to improving our health most of us know smoking is the one thing we should not be doing. But for all the information out there about the dangers of smoking, how many of us know exactly how it damages our health?

We normally think about cigarettes as causing lung cancer and other respiratory problems like emphysema. But smoking can be a major factor in affecting our cholesterol levels.

Smoking and Cholesterol

When smoke is inhaled into the lungs, various toxins are released by the smoke and absorbed into the bloodstream. In particular, a toxin called acrolein reduces the ability of the body to produce good cholesterol, or HDL. Some plaque and hardening of the artery walls can be reduced by natural processes and acrolein restricts this ability.

One of the tasks of enzymes in the blood stream is to transport bad cholesterol to the liver where it is removed from the body. The toxins from inhaling cigarette smoke reduce the ability of enzymes to do their job efficiently and the LDL can break up into smaller pieces making transportation difficult.

This is a process known as oxidization and recent research has revealed that this has an increased effect on illnesses such as heart disease and strokes.

In summary:

  • Toxins from cigarette smoke prevails the body from efficiently producing good cholesterol
  • Smoking affects the ability of enzymes to transport bad cholesterol to the liver and out of the body

Smoking really is a double-edged sword when it comes to affecting our cholesterol levels. Good cholesterol is of poor quality thanks to acrolein in the bloodstream and this lowers the ratio of HDL to LDL cholesterol.

Additionally, cigarette toxins in the blood reduce the ability of enzymes to transport LDL out of our bodies, further reducing the ratio of LDL to HDL.

As reported on, research from the University of Wisconsin shows the link between quitting smoking, and reducing cholesterol levels. The study shows that people who stopped smoking had better cholesterol levels within a twelve month period.

The Next Step

You already knew that smoking is bad for your health, but know you know why. Stopping smoking is simply another action you can take to control your cholesterol levels, along with exercise, healthy eating and taking the right natural supplements.

Knowing why smoking is a danger to your health should be the most important motivator of all, because it means you can now make your own decision about whether to quit or not. There's very little doubt that your cholesterol will thank you – from the bottom of the heart – if you quit smoking.

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How To Eat Fat and Get Healthy

Fat that is good for us–

With all the talk about what type of fats we are told not to eat, such as: Hydrogenated or Partially-hydrogenated fat, Trans Fatty Acids, Butter and the like; we rarely hear about the fats that are good for us. This is especially true with all the focus on eating foods with NO FAT, NON-FAT, FAT-FREE, LOWFAT, or REDUCED FAT and every other variable. Many manufacturers boast that their product has no fat or less than the expected amount, and to eat their version because you will not get the bad fat, while little attention has been paid to the fact there are certain fats that are good for us, but not talked about.

Olive Oil – Especially Extra virgin olive oil, that is oil with fat that has antioxidants in it, as well as powerful fats – polyunsaturated and monounsaturated that will actually help raise the good blood cholesterol HDL ( high-density lipoprotein ) that we need to help fight the bad cholesterol LDL ( low-density lipoprotein) . HDL seems to lower risk of heart attack and stroke too.

So, Keep in mind the next time you think Low Fat, or the like – that you should incorporate some of the good fats into your daily routine to help combat the bad fats.

Many processed and packaged foods labeled “Fat-Free” have added sugar to make up for the loss of fat in the product. If you have a condition where you need to watch your sugar intake, this is especially important to note.

Broccoli and garlic lovers, this is a salad recipe that is quick and easy to make, and delicious cold or hot. With minimal amount of work, you can turn out a great little salad that makes a great side-dish with meats or pasta.

Broccoli Garlic Salad

2 cups of broccoli florets, cooked

4 cloves of garlic, peeled, diced

2 tbsp olive oil

Sea salt, dash

Cook broccoli until done; drain well. Dice garlic and sauté in olive oil until light golden. Toss the broccoli with the olive oil, garlic, and a dash of salt. Serve as a side dish or as a meal with sliced ​​multi-grain bread.

4 Servings

Open-Faced Sandwich

Slice multi-grain bread, top with broccoli garlic salad and eat as an open-faced sandwich.

Serving Size and Calorie Information

1 serving size = 1/2 cup of broccoli

C cup of broccoli, raw = 10 calories

C cup of broccoli, cooked = 25 calories

Broccoli is heart healthy! Eat your trees today.

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Heart Health: Which Fats Are Good for the Heart?

Hardly a day goes by without the nutrient 'fat' making a headline or two. How come? Eating too much fat is now widely recognized and linked to heart-health. How do we know which fats are healthier and which ones to eat less of? Is all fat bad for us?

Eating too much fat can lead to obesity. Eating too little fat can under-nourish us. What is the right balance of fat? Firstly, fats are actually a nutrient that are included in one of the main food groups and are part of a balanced diet. But there are many different types of fats available and it can sometimes be confusing to know which ones to buy and which fats to eat less of.

Solid Fats, Liquid Fats

Have you noticed how chilled butter and most cheeses are solid, that you need a knife to cut them? Well what you are cutting through is basically a solid wall of fat. The same is true for ice-cream, you need a scoop to extract it from the tub as it too contains a high percentage of solid fat.

Solid fat is solid at room temperature and is also known as saturated fat. It includes: cream, cheese, full-fat milk, the skin of chicken, bacon rind, the white streaky bits in ham and meats and butter.

Cakes, biscuits and chocolate sweets are typically high in saturated fat content also. So any foods that are made with hard cheeses, full-fat milk and cream may also be high in saturated fat content.

Saturated fats are useful in small amounts and provide warmth and protection for some of our vital organisms like the adrenal glands. But let's say that a person eats large doses of saturated fats and carbohydrates over long periods of time, with little or no exercising and spends most of their day sitting down, well then this person may start to increase their weight as unused fats and carbs will be stored.

Saturated fats have developed a bad name for themselves, as when they are eaten in large quantities they have become linked to contributing towards thickening arterial walls.

Heart-Healthy Fats

Some fats have become known as the so-called 'good fats.' These are known as the unsaturated fats or ones which are liquid at room temperature. This includes olive oil, sunflower oil, avocado oil, walnut oil, peanut oil and soya oil to name a few. Any oil that is basically a liquid at room temperature is considered to be one of the healthier oils. These are usually known as the vegetable oils and they are rich in so called fatty acids.

Unsaturated fats are linked to being heart-healthy. It is widely recognized that eating less saturated fatty acids helps to support cholesterol reduction and thus helps to support a healthy heart. Vegetable oils tend to be high in Omega 3 and Omega 6, both of which are considered to be heart-healthy fatty acids.

Read the Labels in Supermarkets!

If you want to find out the fat content of the food you buy contains, start by looking at the labels in supermarkets. Soon all labels now have the fat content of the foods listed. So it is easy to see how much fat the food contains and now also most labels will say 'Low' or 'Reduced Fat.' So if you think you need to cut down on the amount of fat you eat, then check with the labels as this really can make a difference to how much you digest.

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Are Eggs In Your Diet Plan To Lower Cholesterol?

If you are looking for a diet plan to lower cholesterol you may be assuming that it will not include the consumption of eggs, but is this really necessary and healthy? High cholesterol is more the result of the types of fats that we eat as well as the lack of fruits, vegetables, fiber and other cholesterol-lowering foods that we do not. When eating a balanced, healthy diet cholesterol take from dietary sources has very little influence on cholesterol levels.

Where does cholesterol come from?

About 75% of the cholesterol in our body is made by the liver. The other 25% comes from dietary sources. Dietary cholesterol comes from meat, fish, poultry, dairy and eggs. There is no cholesterol in fruits and vegetables. Since the body produces most of our cholesterol, cholesterol from dietary sources has little, if any, impact on cholesterol levels. Studies also show that the cholesterol in eggs specifically is poorly absorbed. Other studies also show that eating up to 7 eggs per week had no effect on the risk of cardiovascular disease. The nutrient benefits of eggs far outweigh the risks of cholesterol absorption and heart disease.

Health benefits of eating eggs

Eggs contain many vital nutrients. Cutting them completely out of your diet because of their cholesterol content is taking a very myopic view of things. The whole nutrition benefits of eggs far outweigh the risks of the minimal cholesterol that may be absorbed. Here are the healthy nutrients that eggs provide:

  1. Choline: This essential nutrient may lower blood levels of homocysteine, an independent risk factor for heart disease. Choline also protects the liver. Low levels of Choline have been associated with fatty liver disease and increased liver enzymes. Choline is also an essential component of cell membranes.
  2. Eggs also contain Vitamin A, B-6, B-12, D, and E. It contains folate as well. These are believed to less blood levels of homocysteine ​​and may lower the risk of heart disease.
  3. Eggs are a great source of highly absorbable essential protein.
  4. Eggs also contain Lutein and Zeaxanthin. These carotenoids may play a role in the prevention of age-related macular degeneration.

Egg type matters

You are what you eat and so are chickens. What they consume has a large impact on the nutrient content of their eggs. Next week I will talk about how to choose the most nutritious eggs and discuss why you want to choose free range, pasture-raised organic eggs for both health and humane reasons.

In conclusion, eggs are a healthy part of a balanced diet and provide many nutritional benefits. They contain essential protein, vitamins and anti-oxidants. These nutrients have been shown to be beneficial for heart, liver and eye health. Eggs and diet cholesterol is not your enemy, but infection is. Controlling inflammation with the right anti-inflammatory foods should be your diet plan to lower cholesterol. This is what will keep your cholesterol levels in check. Running away from a highly nutritious egg yolk is not so much.

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Can Drinking Soda Increase Your Cholesterol Levels?

We've been told that eating healthy foods, getting plenty of exercise and adding natural supplements to our diet is the way to improve our health. And we need to be aware of any food group that may increase our chances of heart disease and other serious illnesses such as strokes and arteriosclerosis

But we like the idea of ​​soda; it fills us up and bids to reduce our appetite, meaning that we eat less of those fatty foods. Soda lovers may even enjoge their favorite drink has an overall positive impact on our health; unfortunately experts agree that soda is extremely bad for anyone aspiring to a healthy lifestyle.

But before you start thinking another favorite food is off limits let's take a moment to understand the type of potential problems that soda drinks can cause. That way, if you're armed with the information you need, you can decide for yourself.

Soda and Cholesterol

Sugar from any food has the potential to increase our triglyceride levels, especially if it's not a balanced intake matched up with exercise, natural supplements and generally healthy eating.

Soda contains sugar which is really just energy stored in fat cells as triglycerides. They float around our blood stream ready for release when we might need the extra energy. If we do not need the extra energy, then we put on weight as we store the additional calories.

Increased triglyceride levels can affect the artery walls, making them thicker and narrowing the blood flow. This situation can lead to the potential for blood clots which can then increase the likelihood of strokes and heart disease.

The good news is that sugar does not directly increase your cholesterol levels. But that doesnt mean drinking soda is not a problem. Increased sugar consumption increases weight, and that causes our liver to produce more cholesterol.

Research into the impact of soda indicates that having a regular soda drink increases your chances of having strokes and other illnesses and your chances are 10% better if you stick to caffeine.

• The sugar in soda causes weight gain

• Additional weight means more cholesterol

• Increased triglycerides narrows and hardens our arteries

There's an opportunity cost in drinking soda as well; for every soda drink you consume, that's one less glass of water, or one one less piece of fruit you're eating.

What About Diet Sodas?

You might think that any 'diet' branded food is going to be okay. And while diet sodas will not add to cholesterol levels they have been shown to have a negative impact on kidney function. Research indicates that regular consumption of diet drinks can increase your chances of developing type 2 Diabetes by nearly 67%.


We've now added soda drinks into the mix of foods that we need to be careful about. While drinking soda does not directly affect our cholesterol levels, the decision to avoid soda drinks can have an overwhelmingly positive impact on our general health.

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Heart Healthy Diet – Foods To Prevent Heart Disease

The heart is one of the most vital organs in the body. When it stops beating, it will mean the end of life. When the heart encounters problem, they can be difficult to solve and reverse. Therefore, it is a must for every person to take care of their hearts. Here are some ways to keep the heart healthy through a hearty diet.

First, you need to control the size of the meal. It should be small yet healthy. This is very important to allow the body to digest everything. If you eat too much, the body will not be able to process all the fats in the food and they will be stored. This can be the reason for high cholesterol level and blocked heart vessels. Fats can also cause the heart to be covered with them. Eating lean meat will help you feel full longer.

Second, you need to eat more vegetables and fruits. This is probably the most overrated tip for healthy eating. However, it is overrated for a reason. These foods are extremely great for the body and for the heart. Fiber in fruits helps wash away excess fat that can lead to high cholesterol. Vegetables are rich in nutrients that prevent heart disease. It is not difficult to incorporate them in your meals. For instance, you can add tomatoes and lettuce every time you make a sandwich. You can also cook your meat with vegetables as side dish. There are just too many options for you.

Third, you need to eat more whole grains. Whole grains are healthy because they have fiber in them. They are also helpful in regulating one's blood pressure. If your blood pressure is high, you are at risk of having heart attack so you want to lower it down. Examples of good whole grains are flaxseed and whole wheat. It is also easy to include them in your meals. You can substitute white products to whole wheat such as in the case of bread, rice and pasta.

Fourth, you need to avoid cholesterol and saturated fats. Cholesterol is bad for the heart because it promises to block the blood vessels creating more pressure. On the other hand, saturated fats are also unhealthy for the heart because they are fats that the body can not break down any further. Saturated fats are considered bad fats or bad cholesterol. They are found in processed meats and junk food. The fats you should include in your diet are fatty acids or good cholesterol. These can be found in fish and nuts.

Fifth, you need to switch to lean meat and avoid fatty portions. Eating lean meat is the best way to get away from bad cholesterol. Instead of ordering chicken thigh, you can order chicken breast. It contains less fat and it is healthy for your body. You can also remove the skin and fat portions from the beef or pork that you buy. Go lean and your heart will be happy. Another option is to stick to fish products. Fish is relatively low in fat so they are healthy for the body.

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The Link Between Triglycerides and High Cholesterol

If you're serious about controlling cholesterol, probably the last thing you need is more medical jargon. It's hard enough watching what you eat and sticking to your exercise program without complicating matters.

But triglycerides are important; they're a vital part of the mix that sets you up for good health. And if you realize what they do and how they impact your health, you'll be in a better position to do what's needed to promote a healthy lifestyle.

What Are Triglycerides?

When we digest food, our body converts it to energy in the form of calories. We use the energy to function and any surplus calories are stored in fat cells – as triglycerides – for release later by hormones when we might need the extra boost.

For most of us with weight problems, the equation is fairly straight forward. We store too many calories, and we do not burn them off through exercise or general activity. So our triglyceride level is simply one way of determining whether we are storing too many calories. Put simply, a high tryglyceride level makes it likely you will be overweight, if you're not already.

How Are Cholesterol and Triglycerides Linked?

Triglycerides store energy and cholesterol is used to build cells, hormones and other useful tasks. But it is the way both are transported that is the common link, and importantly, how they contribute to potential heart disease.

A new study from Denmark confirms the effect that higher triglycerides can have on our health. The new study looked at over 30,000 Danish patients, over a period of 30 years and found that of the over 800 strokes that occurred in these patients, higher triglyercide levels increased the risk of strokes.

Triglycerides are transported in our bloodstream in lipoproteins and research suggests that high levels may contribute to serious illnesses such as strokes or heart disease through a narrowing and hardening of the arteries. If this sounds familiar, it's because elevated cholesterol levels can act in exactly the same way.


Whether or not you need to reduce your triglycerides, it makes sense to decide on the lifestyle changes to keep them at appropriate levels. In fact health authorities suggest diet and exercise is the best way to keep your triglycerides in check, rather than medication.

And the good news is that the link with cholesterol makes it easy to do the right thing for your health. The changes you make to help with controlling cholesterol also assist with your triglyceride levels:

  • Losing weight
  • Eating healthy foods
  • Using appropriate natural supplements
  • Taking regular and strenuous exercise

The link between triglycerides and cholesterol is a simple one: excess weight causes problems for your heart. High triglycerides may be a sign of weight problems and an elevated cholesterol level that can be a result of poor choices when it comes to food and exercise.

If you're like me, you might find the medical jargon a little overwhelming at times; HDL, LDL, triglycerides, cholesterol and others. But the consensus among the experts sees clear: sensible eating habits, regular exercise and quality natural supplements are the way towards good health.

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Cardiovascular Translational Research Enhances the Patient Care

Scientific research shows that cardiovascular disease is one of the main factors behind death among human animals. Medical research facilities are already quite aggressive in conducting research to check deeper into heart ailments and probe the important changes of heart failure; development and experimentation with new heart scan imaging; diagnostic modality for example molecular analysis; and, prevention and treatments for heart diseases.

These types of research centers are staffed with competent researchers and technicians as the laboratories include contemporary technology utilized in cardiac research. Clinical trials are conducted to scrutinize the security and efficacy of fresh developments in cardiac treatment, including continuing hospital medication and application of drugs. This research may serve as the basis for tests to ensure efficiencies of merchandise and methodologies before distribution. Other trials are related to place along different types of treatment to show doctors in regards to the most appropriate treatment options for numerous conditions. All clinical studies are taken out most abundant in serious and want to guarantee the welfare of participants. Constant communication allows all relevant parties to get updated constantly relating to the development of many studies to draw in the queue between failures and successes.

Cardiovascular translational research requires the incorporation of significant scientific and investigation research. This new approach also utilizes human ingenuity along with a surplus of resources which are not often obtainable in any experimental environment. In other word, scientific studies are not done without institutions involved and have the capacity to perform a clinical analysis. Only organizations fully stocked with laboratory facilities and manage to hire experienced researchers to handle these requirements venture into translational research.

The contemporary idea of ​​cardiovascular translational research could be downsized a number of ways by scientific experts. The distinction may be the proven fact that the purpose of translational scientific studies is to improve the constituents of patient care. It really is considered an excellent procedure and reasonable the therapeutic target in an exploratory research setting. They can be explained by scientific expert understanding that the characteristic or conventional facet of translational studies a succession of numerous developments. It's rather a novel method and probable curative target in a choice of a tentative or principal research setting. A drugs or device is formulated while using approach being confirmed inside the clinical setting and launched in clinical practice. This phenomenal discipline necessitates the integration of fundamental science, clinical research, dexterity and resources which are not normally available in a defined clinical or laboratory setting.

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Eating Mangoes Can Help Lower Triglycerides and Improve Heart Health

While you are munching on a large dish of mango slices drizzled in lime juice in your sun-drenched back yard this summer, you might be doing a lot more than having a yummy treat – you could be protecting yourself from the risk of coronary disease.

That's the finding of a brand new experiment by a worldwide group of experts from educational institutions in Mexico, Israel and Spain.

It has been known for a while that ingesting plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables is amazingly healthy, and offers a fantastic supply of nutritional vitamins and antioxidants. Antioxidants are very important for cardiovascular health and protect against the chance of coronary disease. They do this by protecting against the strains of oxidation that lead to the accumulation of bad cholesterol and the thickening of the walls of arteries, both of which are very important reasons for coronary disease.

Mangoes are a wonderful way to obtain Ascorbic Acid, Vitamin E and beta-carotene, and substantial levels of additional naturally occurring anti-oxidants.

But the thing that experts found can make mangoes extra special in the fight against heart disease is a group of chemicals called polyphenols. Another popular polyphenol is resveratrol, found in grape skin extract. The researchers who conducted the test think that polyphenols within mangoes can protect your heart from illness by reducing infection and helping the operation of the endothelium, a thin layer of cells that coats the inside of arteries and veins and makes it easier for the body to filter blood, regulate blood pressure levels and manage the movement of white blood cells to combat disease.

Specifically, investigators believe that a polyphenol called mangiferin, known only in mangoes, could have the secret weapon that makes mango so great for your cardiovascular system.

In the experiment, scientists told 30 healthy volunteers to eat a serving of mango each day and otherwise eat normally. After 30 days, the volunteers had triglycerides that were generally a third lower than the point at which the experiment started.

Triglycerides are a type of fat particle. They are produced by your body from the nutrition you consume. Triglycerides which are not utilized immediately by your body are stored in fat cells; when you hear of “body fat”, it's really mercly stored triglycerides. The amount of triglycerides in your bloodstream are an essential test for the danger of heart problems.

If mangoes can really lower your tryglyceride level, they might be the next superfood. But the experts behind the study explain that a lot more experiments are required to say for sure, and it's too soon to tell if mangoes will assist individuals who already possess high triglyceride levels.

But mangoes are healthy in a variety of alternative ways, and one cup of mangoes is only a hundred calories, so do not strike them off your shopping list just yet! Not only that, but the same research discovered mangoes are very high in natural antioxidants of a type which is easily made use of by your body.

Even though it is too soon to state for sure if eating mangoes can help safeguard against cardiovascular disease more than other vegetables and fruits, the evidence so far looks encouraging. But consuming more fruits and vegetables in general is undetected advised for a fit cardiovascular system, so some mangoes today and start eating!

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Five Foods That Lower Cholesterol Fast

If you need to lower your cholesterol, you probably know which foods to avoid. Favorites like eggs, butter (I disagree with these two and I will explain why at a later time), cheese, ice cream and red meat may be making fewer appearances at your dinner table. But what about foods that actually can lower your cholesterol? Three of the world's experts in health and nutrition – The Mayo Clinic, Harvard Medical School and Prevention Magazine – weigh in on what foods are cholesterol friendly. Fatty fish, olive oil, beans and oatmeal are common foods that they all agree on, and you've probably heard about their positive effects on cholesterol levels. But there are also some foods on their cholesterol lower lists that may surprise you.

1) Avocados – In a recent article in Prevention Magazine, doctors extolled the virtues of avocados as a great source of monounsaturated fat. This is the heart-healthy fat that can help to raise HDL or “good” cholesterol levels while lowering LDL cholesterol. Avocados also contain beta-sitosterol, a plant-based fat that keeps cholesterol from being absorbed. It's easy to work avocados into your diet. Top sandwiches with fresh slices or mash a little avocado with spices as a dip or spread.

2) Chocolate – For years, we've been hooked to find a diet that encouraged us to eat chocolate. While milk chocolate is still not a great choice, dark or bittersweet chocolate contains antioxidants that helps raise HDL cholesterol levels. Antioxidants are important because they prevent cholesterol from oxidizing, which can lead to atherosclerosis.

3) Sterols and Stanols – These substances are found in plants and block cholesterol absorption. Foods that are fortified with sterols and stanols include granola bars, orange juice and margarine. Although these foods are fortified, they are not a great source because they are highly processed. These results in added sugar, trans fats and chemical additives. Plant sterols and stanols are found in supplement form as well, but he best way to get these substances is through eating whole vegetables and fruits .. Research at Harvard Medical School shows that 2 grams of plant sterols or stanols every day can lower your LDL cholesterol by as much as 10%.

4) Garlic – This wonder food has been used through the years to fight against infection. It also prevails blood clots, lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Even more important, it also keeps plaque from sticking and clogging arteries. As little as two garlic cloves a day can make a difference.

5) Spinach – Popeye used it to grow muscles. He probably had a good cholesterol level as well. A bright yellow pigment called lutein is found in spinach and other dark green leafy vegetables as well as egg yolks. Along with protecting against macular degeneration, researchers are finding that lutein can protect your arteries as well.

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How Certain Diets Lower Cholesterol Levels More Effectively

To avoid health problems like diabetes and heart diseases, you must take steps to maintain the cholesterol level in the body. There are many factors that are responsible for increasing the cholesterol levels within the body.

An important factor that can increase these levels in the blood is the weight of the person. When you shed the excess fat from your body, you can lower the bad cholesterol level and increase the level of good cholesterol.

A few other factors that can increase the bad levels, also know as LDL or low-density lipoprotein, include age, gender and lack of physical exercise. Also, some people have high cholesterol levels in their blood because most of their family members also suffer from this problem. One of the best ways of dealing with this problem is making changes in your diet.

How Can Certain Diets Lower Cholesterol

Most health experts are of the view that low-cholesterol diet is the best way of lowering the cholesterol levels. Cutting down the intake of bad cholesterol by about 20 percent will help lower the cholesterol levels and minimizes the risk of heart diseases.

An ideal low-cholesterol diet will include fish and vegetable oils and will exclude foods that contain trans fat and saturated fat. One of the ways of switching from high-cholesterol diet to low-cholesterol diet is by replacing trans fat margarine, polyunsaturated oils and butter that you use with olive oil, plant ster spreads and canola oil.

If you want to keep your pan moist when cooking, you can cook with white wine vinegar instead of butter. White wine vinegar helps in reducing the cholesterol levels without changing the taste of the food. You can also lower the cholesterol levels by replacing ordinary eggs with cholesterol free eggs.

The Right Way of Changing Your Diet

If you want your low-cholesterol diet plan to be effective, you must make the right changes in your diet plan. Some people are not able to get the desired results because they do not make the right changes in the food they eat.

People, who eat high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet, run the risk of increasing their cholesterol levels. Cholesterol is an important requirement of the human body and our body has a backup plan if we make sudden changes in our diet.

When you eat low-cholesterol food, your liver starts producing cholesterol to make sure the minimum requirements of the body are met. When you eat high-carbohydrate, low fat diet, the insulin level in the body increases which triggers the body to move the excess sugar into the liver to produce cholesterol. Therefore, it is important that you include foods that contain good cholesterol in your diet plan.

Since the liver makes only about 75% cholesterol required by the body, the remaining cholesterol comes from the food you eat. If you reduce your intake of cholesterol and eat high carb foods, your body reacts by overproducing cholesterol to make sure the cholesterol levels are maintained.

This overproduction of cholesterol will not stop until you start eating foods that contain cholesterol. Therefore, it is important that you include good cholesterol foods in your diet plan and avoid eating foods that have high carbohydrate content.

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