Seven Simple Steps To Prevent Heart Diseases In Your 20s

Today's generation of teens is at increased risk of getting heart stroke and heart diseases. And it all happens because of our poor diet and routine. Ensuring our good health is in our own hands; a simple change in the regular diet and overall routine may not only prevent heart diseases in 20s, but also keeps us happy and healthy for a longer period. Take a look, how you can take your small step towards your good health.

  • Eat Healthy: One of the simplest mantras that keep all the heart diseases at the bay at your 20s, 30s and even 40s is your habit of eating healthy. Yes, if you eat well, you will live well. So, say no to junk today or at least limit your intake to ensure your good health.
  • Sweat A Little: 20 is the age when everyone should start some exercise to prevent heart diseases or early signs of aging as well. Sweating a little regularly adds some extra years to your life and helps you live a healthy life.
  • Say No To Smoking: Smoking is injurious to health; we all know that, but how many of us actually mean that. To prevent heart disease, you should say no to smoking. When you smoke socially, it may make you look cool in your squad, but it is harmful to your health. Therefore, you need to quit smoking as soon as possible to live a healthy life.
  • Do not Take So Much Stress: Stress is not the solution of any of your problems; so, you should say no to stress, instead do your best and forget the rest.
  • No Synthetic Sugar: Synthetic sugar is your biggest enemy and increases your risk of getting a stroke than an average person who does not take it. To prevent any such situation, you should remove synthetic sugar from your diet, instead switch to natural sweet that mostly gets found in the fruits.
  • Consult A Dietitian: Also, you should consult a Dietitian or Nutritionist at your 20s to adopt a healthy diet plan that results you from a number of health issues.
  • Know Your Numbers: It is important to know your current health situation to improve it for the future. It gives you a boost to adopt a healthy diet.

These simple seven steps have great importance in the success of your life, as they help you win the battle against the heart diseases and you can do the rest by yourself.

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The Herbs Used in Ayurvedic Medicines in Treating High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure occurs when there is an increase in the level of pressure on the walls of the blood vessels. It occurs primarily in adults and increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke if it is not monitored or controlled in time. Over the years, many drugs and treatments were used to heal or maintain a high blood pressure. However, like any other problem of health, natural remedies and herbal turns out effective and has little or no side effects.

If a person has high blood pressure, this means that the walls of the arteries receive too much pressure several times – pressure must be chronically high for a diagnosis of blood pressure to be confirmed. In medicine, Chronic means for a sustained period; persistent.

High BP is considered to be 140/90 mm Hg or more. Blood which has low levels of oxygen is pumped to the lungs, where oxygen supplies are replenished. The oxygen-rich blood is then pumped by the heart around the body to supply our muscles and cells. The dumping of the blood creates pressure – blood pressure. Blood pressure readings are identified in two numbers Ie ex: 80/120. The systolic blood pressure (the top number) is equal to the pressure in the arms when heart contracts. The diastolic pressure (the bottom number) is the pressure in the arms when the heart relaxes.

Over the years, lots of medications and treatments have been used in curing or maintaining high blood pressure which is also called Hypertension. However, just like any other health issue, natural and herbal remedies prove effective and has little or no side effects.Therefore in curing or maintaining blood pressure, Ayurveda an ancient India system of holistic health care has proven very effective. This treatment makes use of nutritious diet, Ayurvedic medicines breathing exercises and also yoga in curing and restoring blood pressure back to normal. Ayurvedic medicine (also called Ayurveda) is one of the world's oldest medical systems.

The Ayurvedic treatment for hypertension is focused on actual cause of the condition and then administrating the herbs that can eradicate the problem from the roots. Secondly, toxins that have accumulated in the heart have to be eliminated. Finally, including yoga, meditation, and pranayama are recommended to ensure that the mind remains stable and calm. Avoid eggs, meat, table salt, tea, coffee, and pickles. Avoid smoking as it advances heart rate. Increase use of lemon, garlic, parsley, watermelon, Indian gooseberry (amla), skim milk, grape fruit and cottage cheese.

Exercise is the most effective way to lower the BP, brisk walking, jogging, swimming, and athletics are good options. Laughter is the best medicine because it relieves anxiety and stress, which are the main causes of high blood pressure in today's lifestyle. The best Ayurvedic home remedies for hypertension must include garlic. Take 3-4 peeled garlic buds with water on an empty stomach in the morning. Alternately make a juice of 10-12 basil leaves, 3-4 garlic cloves, and a small quantity of wheat grass. Have once a day.

The Ayurvedic approach to diseases is holistic, and so, after an Ayurvedic treatment a patient will find an improvement in their mental, physical and psychological conditions. The major herbs used in ayurvedic medicines in treating high BP includes,

-Arjuna

-Shankhpushpi

-Ashwagandha

-Brahmi

-Safed Musli

-Kesar

Use ayurvedic drugs in curing hypertension and avoid stress related problems in your life.

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PC Based Resting And Stress ECGs Can Save You A Great Deal Of Time & Money

Recording the electric activity of the heart over a period of time, is the purpose of getting an ECG – Electrocardiogram. Maintaining cardiovascular health has become a priority for each of us given that the heart diseases have in a way, made many people face hardship in leading a good life in the past few years. It's not unknown that under a scanner has been the most accurate solution but as it is, technological advances have revolutionized the healthcare industry. As such, the PC based resting ECG or stress ECG tests are the proven examples of the advances in the medical field.

PC based resting ECG system and stress ECG are the PC solutions designed specifically for the healthcare professionals (mainly cardiologists) to carry out their daily activities with ease. To help you understand it better, let us briefly define the features of both the tools.

PC Based Resting ECG

It's a full-featured 12 lead PC cardiology system that's highly reliable, durable, and simple to learn. Buy a PC based resting ECG from a reputable brand and you will get an EMR compatible system. Below, are the top five features of this equipment-

12 lead acquisition of the PC ECG

ECG interpretation classes for beginners and the practitioners such as MIS, Blocks, Enlargement, Axis, and AFib

10 ft ECG patient cable

HR with global measurements and full patient demographics

Higher available ECG frequency response – 0.05-150Hz std

PC Based Exercise Stress ECG

Going a step further, you can have your patients stop worrying about their future and relax with the wireless PC based exercise stress ECG. It's an all-in-one cardiology system available with fully imperative 12 lead diagnostic stress ECG and comprehensive patient charting and more. It helps provide your patient with the ultimate responses during their workout sessions. And here are top most features of a stress ECG-

Simultaneous 12 lead PC based ECG diagnostic acquisition

Real-time ECG monitoring with user selectable leads be it 1-, 2-, 3-, or 12- and patient's full demographics and information.

Unlimited capturing of the data of ECG durations

29 preprogrammed protocols

Offer on-screen status of the test whenever phase time, total time, speed, grade, or target HR

The aforementioned tools are clearly the exemplary solutions invented to brighten up several lives. They are an innovation designed to make the data management easier at the point of care. Beside, the unique cardiology systems can save a great deal of time and offer more prompt responses to the cost pressures of today's medical zone thereby, enhancing the diagnostic performance.

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Heart Disease Is the No.1 Killer and We Know How to Prevent It – Why Don’t We?

In my conversations with my patients, they are often surprised by 2 facts that do not seem to go together.

1. That heart disease is the leading cause of death and disability in the world.

2. That the vastness of heart disease is preventable.

And you also may think, how can this be? How can the leading cause of death and disability be mostly preventable and yet remain the leading cause of death and disability?

The answer of course is complex, but here is why I believe we can not rely on others to look out for our heart's health. We need to do it ourselves.

Losing the War

It is clear that we are losing the war on heart disease. Sure we have amazing procedures and medications, but they can only do so much. Heart disease remains the leading cause of death and disability in the world.

What is particularly troublesome about this is that we know exactly how to keep your Heart healthy. Take care of 7 common sense aspects of health and your risk of heart disease is decreased by 80%. Really, 80%!

And the benefits do not end with the Heart. These 7 good health factors cut your risk of stroke by 50%, your risk of cancer by a third and are the most effective ways to prevent dementia.

Life's Simple 7

What are these 7 magical things? The American Heart Association calls them “Life's Simple 7” and they are:

  • Get Active
  • Stop Smoking
  • Eat Better
  • Manage Blood Pressure
  • Control Cholesterol
  • Reduce Blood Sugar
  • Lose Weight

So, not particularly surprising, mostly common sense, but when taken care of, remarkably effective at improving health, the length and the quality of life.

And how are we doing with this knowledge?

By just about any criteria, the answer is poorly. More than 9 million people die each year from heart disease. When you add stroke (the combination of stroke and heart attacks doctors call cardiovascular disease), that is 15 million deaths per year or about a death every 2 seconds)

Now back to our original question. How can this be? How can the leading cause of death and disability be mostly preventable and yet remain the leading cause of death and disability?

Follow the Money

It's a good question, and no doubt the reasons are complex, but one factor is unduly absent that is a lot of money is made when we are sick.

The financial success of the tobacco industry, the fast food industry, the soft drink industry, the healthcare industry, the pharmaceutical industry and many others depends on you making choices that make your heart sick.

But it does not have to be that way. You do not have to pay the bottom line of big industry with your life. It is important for you to know that your future health is in your hands.

I will continue to talk about simple steps that can keep your heart in the game.

Because You – and your heart – deserve it.

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How Mice and Zebrafish Are Unlocking Clues to Repairing Damaged Hearts

Unexpected that unassuming mice and zebrafish can help repair damaged hearts, a new study has revealed.

The zebrafish has the ability to stitch its severed spider again and the mouse has a substance surrounding its hearts that can patch up the injured or broken heart.

The researchers injected the extracellular matrix of the zebrafish into the damaged cardiac tissue of a mouse. The Zebrafish cellular matrix enhanced the cell replication, tissue regeneration and also improved the functioning of the heart in the mouse. The research reveals that proteins play a very important role in this transformation.

The power to heal quickly is seen only in super humans and is referred to as a super ability. Humans can not re-grow their limbs like starfish. But children who lose their fingertips provided the nail is still safe have found that their tips can re-grow again. With age this ability gets turned off. The study along with research is to help study the MNDCM so this ability can be turned on again.

Every year a few lakh suffer from heart attacks and blocked treaties. A blocked artery deprives the heart of blood and oxygen its basic fuel. The longer the blockage lasts the more cells die and the heart is damaged permanently.

When children are born they have a large number of heart muscle cells called mononuclear diploid cardiomyocyte or MNDCM. These cells have regenerative properties and can rebuild the heart muscle. But as we grow older the cells reduce leading to a heart attack. MNDCM are few and they are not able to repair the damage caused by the heart attack.

After an attack the healing is a long process and once the cells are damaged the muscle cells cardiomyocytes are replaced by scar tissue, which can not contract and pump. This further increases the stress on the remaining heart muscle and then leads to heart failure.

The researchers have found that a few mice have less than two percent of the MNDCMs while others have it in a larger percentage. Thus, those mice with a higher number of MNDCMs are able to regenerate the heart muscle after an injury or a heart attack. A wide genetic study has revealed the gene Tnni3k that plays a major role in generating the MNDCMs.

Turning off the Tnni3k gene directed the increased number of MNDCMs thus increasing the ability to regenerate the heart. But when the same gene Tnni3k was activated in the zebrafish it reduced the number of MNDCMs and destroyed its ability to repair damaged heart.

But it's still a long way from being used on humans. This study is just the first step towards evolving a medicine. The Tnni3k can be modulated and hence can be used to create prescription medicine. The Tnni3k overtime can help contain more regenerative cells in adult hearts and prevent heart failure.

The ultimate goal of this research is the regeneration of the cells to heal the body. Quick healing is useful in a young child, the body needs to regenerate.

Tnni3k in zebrafish promoted cardiomyocyte compromised heart regeneration. The results corroborate the importance of MNDCMs in heart regeneration. It implies that heart regeneration is not the same in every individual, but it is influenced by many genes.

It is likely that several things influence the functional and morphological output after a heart injury, which includes cardiomyocyte proliferation, cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, collagen deposition by fibroblasts (scarring), regrowth of coronary vasculature etc.

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What Is Chronic Heart Failure? What Are the Regular & Phenomenal Causes of Chronic Heart Failure?

What is Chronic Heart Failure?

Heart failure is a term used to portray the state when the heart is never again ready to keep up its capacity – that is, to keep up a sufficient cardiovascular yield (to pump blood satisfactorily) or to have the capacity to do as such simply because it is under so much strain that it is causing itself harm. As it was, the heart is debated and the pumping activity is disabled causing heart failure. The heart does not totally come up short or quit working (as in a heart, a circumstance in which the heart really quits thumping), however rather works less than it deserves. Heart failure can go ahead quickly in light of some significant occasion like a heart assault, or all the more gradually. In these moderate cases, the heart regularly adjusts to working harder and remunerates great for some time, although inevitably can not adapt and individuals begin to have manifestations. For wellbeing worries on heart conditions counsel your specialist.

Regular Causes of Chronic Heart Failure

• Heart Disease where the heart is not getting enough oxygen.
• Past heart attack
• Hypertension
• Diabetes: Pairs the danger of creating perpetual heart failure in men and builds chance five times for ladies

Less Common Causes of Chronic Heart failure

Expanded Cardiomyopathy : A condition where the heart just gets greater and more intensive, without a known reason.
Valvular Heart Disease : Particularly aortic stenosis, where blood experiences difficulty moving beyond one of the real valves in the heart.

Phenomenal Causes of Chronic Heart

Valvular Heart Disease : Particularly mitral and aortic spewing forth (additionally called 'flawed valves', where blood can stream back through them).
Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy : an excess of liquor can make the heart get greater, influencing it to pump less effectively.
• Irritation of the heart muscle, or myocarditis
• Incessant arrhythmias
• HIV-related cardiomyopathy
• A few medications, particularly the truly risky ones, can cause heart harm
Prohibitive Cardiomyopathy : the heart is quit pulsating adequately by something ceasing it, which can be of obscure reason, or can be optional to infective infections, for example, amyloidosis

Way of life Factors influencing Chronic Heart Failure

• Smoking
• Obesity
• Abundance liquor utilization
• High salt consumption
• High fat food

A few patients who have heart failure are not by any means mindful of the issue until the point that it advances to a more genuine frame, called congestive heart failure. The expression “congestive” alludes to a liquid development that happens when the heart gets behind in its work. Since the heart is not proficient in directing blood out, there is less blood leaving the heart and hence the blood that profits to the heart gets went down. These outcomes in an expansion in weight causing drainage into encompassing tissue. All the time it is at this phase, patients beginning seeing indications and looking for offer assistance.

Regular indications of interminable heart failure include:

Shortness of breath on work out: while this can begin just accident with work out, in the long run it can get so terrible that there is breathlessness on simply strolling, or notstanding when very still. Shortness of breath on resting (orthopnoea): much of the time individuals say that they are requiring more cushions to 'prop themselves up' during the evening, else they get shy of breath. Assaults of breathlessness around evening time that wake you up. This has the therapeutic name of Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnoea. Heart Palpitations where you can feel your heart pulsating in your chest Loss of hunger, acid reflux, Sickness and spewing In the event that Chronic Heart failure gets awful, liquid can develop, prompting swollen feet and lower legs.

Clinical Examination of Chronic Heart

On the off chance that a patient present with manifestations that could mean endless heart failure, at that point they will need to inspect loads of various frameworks of the body. Right off the bat, parcels can be learnt just from general assessment of how acceptable a man is by their rate of breathing and their heart rate. This is particularly critical on resting, as in unending heart failure shortness of breath is typically exacerbated much when laying level. Next, they might need to inspect the patient's neck veins, as they can give data about how the correct side of the heart is working, and can indicate whether any blood is being pushed once more into them because of defective heart valves. After this, the specialist will need to inspect the patient's chest where now and then the beat of the heart can be seen through the chest divider. This can give a thought with reference to how powerful the heart is and where it sits in the chest. They will then need to tune in to the heart which can give data about blood stream and furthermore about the valves. The specialist will then need to tune in to the lungs. This is on the grounds that in unending heart failure, liquid can 'develop' behind the left heart and begin pooling in the lungs in a condition called pneumonic oedema. This liquid makes little crackles called crepitation's that can be heard with a stethoscope. Examination will then move to different regions like the liver, which can end up noticeably extended and deficient in perpetual heart failure. This is a direct result of the weight developing on this side of the heart and blood not having the capacity to leave the liver and it should. The specialist will likewise need to check with the expectation of complimentary liquid called 'oedema' in zones that it is probably going toplete to, for example, your lower legs and back. This oedema liquid develops in light of the fact that the blood is not being pumped effectively through the heart. This causes a great deal of weight in the veins that brings blood back towards the heart, driving liquid out of the veins and into the tissues.

How is Chronic Heart Failure Diagnosed?

There are heaps of tests that a specialist can do in ceaseless heart failure. These tests can be utilized for diagnosing the condition and in addition working out exactly how extreme it is. In the first place, the specialist might need to do some blood tests to keep an eye on kidney work, liver capacity, thyroid capacity and the measure of cells in the blood. There are additionally two hormones found in the councils of the heart called ANP and BNP. These are discharged when the heart is extended (as occurs in unending heart failure) so these can likewise be tried for. Next, the specialist might need to work out exactly how much exercise and action a patient is able to do. There are a few tests for this:

Six Minute Walk : A six moment walk test includes strolling a roundabout track of 25m the same number of times as is conceivable in six minutes. On the off chance that a man begins strolling less and less each time then it is a sign the ailment is deteriorating.
Exercise Testing : This includes getting on a bike or treadmill and working out how much exercise a man can do.

There are likewise some different types of particular tests that might be done if the specialist things that will be useful:

Electrocardiogram (ECG) : This measures the electrical movement of the heart and can give bunches of data about any variations from the norm.
Chest x-beam : There are bunches of changes in a x-beam that are caused by heart failure.
Echocardiography : This resemblances a ultrasound of your heart, and can give data about blood streams and the capacity of the valves.
Coronary Angiography : This includes setting some color through a little tube into the heart vessels and seeing where the color streams to, giving a smart thought about blood stream to the heart.
Atomic Cardiology : Nuclear sweeps, for example, Cardiac PET can give some helpful data about blood stream to the heart.
Spirometry : This test checks how well the lungs are functioning and can inhibit different reasons for windedness, particularly in smokers.

How is Chronic Heart Failure Treated?

There are a few techniques for treatment that intend to enhance both the indications and life expectancy of those miseries from constant heart failure. Way of life changes in chronic heart failure.

Enhanced Diet and Weight Loss : This will enhance both exercise resilience and personal satisfaction. Lessening in soaked fats is especially essential in the individuals who have poor blood stream to the heart. Exercise is especially imperative in someone with cardiovascular failure. Some of the time, the yield of the heart can be so awful in ceaseless heart failure, that very little blood gets to the gastrointestinal framework and this can prompt obstruction, so high-fiber eating methodologies are usually suggested. Additionally, if a major supper is eaten then a measurable measure of blood is required in the digestive organs to take every one of the supplements away which implies that it is occupied from different parts of the body. This can prompt so little blood.

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Is It Safe to Exercise With Tachycardia?

Tachycardia is characterized by the heart rate that is over 100 beats per minute which is above the normal readings of heart rate. This condition is among the most common types of arrhythmia. An episode of tachycardia can be accompanied by any of these symptoms: dizziness, palpitations, anxiety, pulsation of the vessels in the neck, or even fainting. In those patients who already have a cardiovascular pathology, tachycardia can provoke the development of heart failure and aggravate their life prognosis.

However, tachycardia can also be observed in healthy people due to:

  • The use of certain drugs, drinking alcohol, coffee or strong tea;
  • Physical or emotional stress;
  • Sudden body position change;
  • High atmospheric temperature, etc.

Therefore, depending on tachycardia cause it is divided into physiological and pathological tachycardia. Physiological tachycardia occurs in healthy individuals as a physiological response of the healthy heart muscle to different external impacts. Pathological , on the other hand, develops against the background of various disorders. It can be dangerous because it causes lower of the cardiac output volume and some intracardiac hemodynamics disorders. High heart rate that causes reduced blood filling of the ventricles provokes decrease in blood pressure, poor blood circulation and hypoxia development. However, on its own, tachycardia is more often a symptom and not a separate disorder.

They say that sport is good for a human health, but is it safe to exercise for patients with tachycardia? Experts say that for most people with tachycardia moderate and regular exercise is acceptable and encouraged. Neverheless, in some patients with tachycardia, when it's accompanied by certain conditions, exercising is strictly prohibited since it can cause life-threatening complications. The list of such conditions includes:

  • Cardiac aneurysm;
  • Recent heart attack;
  • Aortic aneurysm;
  • Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia;
  • Ventricular extrasystole;
  • Kidney or liver malfunction;
  • Severe hypertension, etc.

So, once diagnosed with tachycardia, a patient should first of all see a cardiologist, obtain an approval for exercising and develop a safe plan of physical activity together with a physician. It's important to remember that physical activity should not be exhausting and too intense. If a patient has a history of any cardiovascular diseases, it's recommended to begin an exercise program in a safe and monitored environment. In other cases, it's better to begin exercising slowly and eventually develop exercise tolerance. If a patient is new to regular exercise, it's recommended to begin with walking for 5-10 minutes and then, little by little, increase the time and distance. While increasing the intensity of physical activity, the patient should be able to tolerate it and be comfortable with it. If physical activity is accompanied by chest pain, palpitations or lightheadedness, that should be the sign for the patient to lower the intensity of the exercise routine.

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Cancer-Causing Mutations in Blood Stem Cells May Also Link to Heart Disease

What causes heart diseases? We know that sometimes bad genes are responsible for it while sometimes unhealthy lifestyle is to be blamed for various heart conditions. But there is another factor that may take a toll on your heart as well. According to a recent research published in the New England Journal of Medicine, heart disease may also develop through a gradual accumulation of mutations in blood stem cells, just the way cancer forms in our body.

The study was, however, meant to detect how blood cancer could be traced early. Earlier studies provided that normal cells turn into cancerous cells in a slow process. It's not an overnight affair. In case of blood cancer, scientists have found that blood cells go through a mutation that turns the normal cells into a pre-cancerous state. The moment the stem cells multiply, it creates a thread of clones of the blood stem cells, which causes the mutation and eventually leads to cancer.

The researchers at the Brigham and Women's Hospital, the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT tested the DNA sequences, derived from blood cells of more than 17,000 healthy people. The team confirmed that they had found 160 genes that could be mutated in cancerous cells. The study further showed that the mutation is more common in people above 40. Also the frequency is higher in people above 40.

In the study, the team found that the mutation mainly takes place in 3 genes, namely DNMT3A, TET2, and ASXL1. The scientists have drawn a clear association between the mutation and higher risk of developing blood cancer. But they have also found another unexpected relation between the mutation and higher risk of death due other factors like heart disease. They have noticed that the heart diseases are one of the main reasons behind high mortality risk. Later studies have also confirmed the relationship between gene mutation and heart diseases and also how heart diseases may worsen the situation for cancer patients.

The team collected stem cells from the bone marrow of mice and engineered them to have deficiency in Tet2. Tet2 is one of the 3 genes that are responsible for mutation when the risk of heart diseases is present. The bone marrow cells were injected into the mice that had higher cholesterol and all the symptoms of heart disease. They had noticed that the mice that were infected with cells sans Tet2 showed chances of heart diseases, compared to those who received normal bone barrow.

Dr. Sekar Kathiresan of the Broad Institute, one of the team leads, said, “We were fully expecting not to find anything here. But the odds of having an early heart attack are four-fold higher among younger people with CHIP mutations.” He also felt that the results of the study have shown sufficient promise in therapies, as he said, “This is a totally different type of risk factor than hypertensive or hypercholestserolemia [high blood cholesterol] or smoking. that works through a different mechanism, it may lead to new treatment opportunities very different from the ones we have for heart disease at present. ”

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Caring for Your Heart

Leading a healthy and active lifestyle not only ensures that a person can remain active well into their later years but it confirms that the most important organ in the human body is well cared for. There are a number of body parts that humans can do without but the heart is not one of them and over an average lifetime it beats millions of times. This means that blood is pumped to every part of the body and the brain and its functions benefit from this.

Lack of activity and an unhealthy diet can have an adverse affect on the vital role of the heart resulting in an even greater strain on this organ, forcing it to work much harder than it needs to. Ongoing abuse like this can culminate in a heart attack or complete heart failure. If a victim is lucky, a heart attack may not be fatal but the clinical care and sacrifices that have to be made after such an event can take many months and untold hours of sacrifice for the victim and their family.

There are many people who adopt the mindset that “you have got to die sometime”, but there is no substitute for quality of life. Many people who have experienced severe heart problems adjust their way of thinking after the length of time that it takes to get over the warning they have received. These are the lucky ones because many people who experience such problems do not live through the ordeal.

There is no doubt that the lazy attitude which has developed over recent years has put immunity pressure on the health service of many nations. This, in turn, causes the problems that many have to end if they have to visit a hospital: long waiting times, canceled appointments and procedures and rushed face-to-face consultations.

All of this is brought about because medical staff are under so much pressure and their frequently increased patient numbers see them working longer hours at the expense of their own health. This is the reason why many professionals leave the health service.

So, remaining lazy and not caring for yourself can have a drastic exit on family members who have to take control of your rehabilitation after a health scare as well as the health care professionals which medical expertise is needed to ensure that you do not die on the operating table.

Finally, to add to the pressure of these professionals there is always somebody who feels that they were hard done by and instigates legal proceedings if the results do not go their way.

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Aspirin and Your Heart

Aspirin is an anti-inflammatory and anti-platelet drug, and is used to treat pain, fever, blood clots, heart disease, heart attacks, and strokes. Aspirin has been proven to prevent heart attacks and strokes, especially in men over fifty. Your doctor will advise you which dosage is best for you. It is typically 81 mg or 325 mg by mouth once a day.

The benefits of taking aspirin daily include if you:
Have had a heart attack or chest pain
Had open heart surgery
Had coronary angioplasty (a procedure where a balloon is inserted to open blocked arteries and veins of your heart)
Had a stroke or TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack)
Have peripheral vascular disease (PVD)
Have heart rhythm problems, such as atrial fibrillation (A.Fib)

Risks of taking aspirin every day include minor bleeding or bruising, worsening of asthma, upset stomach, or allergic reaction. Children should not be given aspirin due to the risk of Reye's syndrome (rapidly progressive brain dysfunction). Contraindications for use of aspirin include allergies to NSAID's (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), peptic ulcers, GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disorder) or gastritis, hemophilia, kidney disease, and gout. Make sure your doctor is aware if you are taking more than one blood thinner, such as Plavix, or Ibuprofen.

There are 2 forms of aspirin you can take. Please ask your doctor which is the best one for you. The first type is called non-enteric coated. This means the aspirin does not have a protective coating that keeps your stomach from being upset, but is best to take when having active chest pain. This type comes in a chewable form. The enteric coated aspirin has the protective covering that keeps your stomach safe. This type can not be chewed or crushed. Do not take any aspirin with alcohol as it increases chance of bleeding and stomach distress.

Signs of heart attack may include chest pain, left arm, jaw, or shoulder pain, or upper abdominal symptoms, such as pain, or nausea. Stoke symptoms include one sided weakness, confusion, slurred speech, and facial drooping. If you think you are having a heart attack, call 911 first, the operator might ask you to take the aspirin. If you think you are having a stroke do not take an aspirin. Strokes can be caused by bleeding in the brain, and aspirin can worsen the bleeding.

Please seek immediate medical attention if you have an allergic reaction, stools are black or bloody, vomit or cough up blood, there if blood is in your urine or you feel shortness of breath.

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Know the Details About a Cocaine Heart Attack and All Related Things

Cardiac arrest is the most popular name for a disruption of the regular availability of blood flowing to any given portion of the heart muscle; doctors and scientists refer to the condition more formally as a myocardial infarction. Without its required availability of oxygen-bearing blood, the heart muscular will die off easily, producing a situation that can cause serious heart damage or rapid death. Those who use cocaine build a variety of issues in their regular cardiovascular (heart and blood vessel) health that contribute greatly to their heart attack risks. These issues occur in the aftermath of both short- and long-term cocaine use and affect even casual consumers of the drug.

Cocaine is a hunger controller and powerful stimulant drug that comes from the coca plant, from which it derives its name. It is used for a variety of instantaneous results that it makes, including delusions of supremacy, euphoria, improved energy, and performance. As these results wear off, uneasiness, pressure, and paranoia can set in, as well as higher body temperatures, an elevated pulse rate and blood pressure levels, and difficulty breathing. The increase in blood pressure levels alone can cause cardiac arrest in some cases; however, it can also cause unequal heart beat, the issue known as arrhythmia, which can also be deadly. Long-term usage of cocaine can not only cause to habit but also dehydration and a dry mouth, which can cause to damage being done to the teeth. Kidney failure, autoimmune illnesses like lupus, and heart attacks are other risks that come with the prolonged use of cocaine. Cocaine is especially damaging to the heart because it carries with it the possibility of occasional small heart attacks, plus it interferes with cocaine such as try out blockers that doctors use to treat heart attacks.

Cocaine's Effects on the Heart

Cocaine use triggers a significant boost in the body's availability of a chemical known as norepinephrine, which acts as a neurotransmitter and boosts the frequency of certain types of communication between nerve cells known as nerves. Specifically, norepinephrine generates improving levels of activity in the nerves of a process known as the supportive neurological system, which partitions through the body and helps provide unconscious control of the heart muscle and blood vessels, as well as a variety of additional vital organs. When cocaine enters the bloodstream, activation of the supportive neurological system generates heart-related changes in regular body function including blood pressure increases, heartbeat acceleration, and an improve in the amount of blood pumped by the heart in any given minute.

Signs of Cocaine Abuse

· Cocaine is a highly addictive substance. What starts off as seemingly harmless experiment can easily become a potentially life-threatening habit.

· By recognizing the symptoms of cocaine misuse, you can get your loved one the help they need before a habit takes hold.

· According to the scientists, cocaine may damage in stomach area, difficulty breathing, pressure, palpitations, dizziness, nausea and heavy sweating and without a doctor knows what they are dealing with, the standard therapy for heart attacks such as beta-blockers and clot -busting cocaine, could be given with tragic results if the individual has been using cocaine.

· Cocaine improvements blood pressure levels which in turn can improve the possibility of bleeding into the brain if the individual is given clot-busting drugs; beta-blockers can cause greater blood pressure levels and constricted arteries in individuals who have used cocaine.

· Experts say in a portion of customer's cocaine can actually cause cardiac arrest.

· Cocaine-related chest pain in stomach area typically occurs within three-times of using the cocaine, but the cocaine can stay in the body for at least 18 times and proceed to cause issues.

· The new guidelines say cocaine customers with chest pain in stomach area should be monitored in an observation unit for nine to 12 hours.

While only about 1% to 6% of patients with cocaine-associated chest pain actually have a cardiac arrest, doctors maintain it is important for anyone with chest pain in stomach area to get checked out.

Cocaine Abuse Treatment and House Remedies

· First and foremost, the cocaine abuser must quit using the cocaine and other cocaine that itscompany use. Not many problems of cocaine use may possibly be treatable at your home. The most frequent problems are psychological in nature.

· Anxiety, light agitation, hunger loss, insomnia, irritability, light panic disorder, light depression, and light headaches could probably be handled at your home by avoiding the use of the cocaine and observing the user.

· Runny noses, nose blockage, and brief nosebleeds can also be cared for you at your home by avoiding the cocaine, helping the humidity of the air breathed in with hookahs and humidifiers, and direct nose pressure for 10 minutes to end the nosebleed. Implement a topical antibiotic such as bacitracin or petroleum jelly to help with the drying and crusting. Avoid nose picking.

· The chronic coughing pain pain of black non-bloody phlegm may possibly be treatable again by cessation of cocaine smoking and other cocaine such as cigarettes or marijuana. Over-the-counter coughing medicines containing the ingredient guaifenesin, the active compound in Robitussin, plus improved water drinking may help.

· IV cocaine customers who proceed to use cocaine may lower their exposure to communicable illnesses and disease by not reusing or sharing needles. Cleansing the skin properly prior to the injection also decrees the possibility of disease.

How to Avoid Cocaine Abuse

Prevention should start early in the preadolescent years for all kids but particularly for those who are in danger. This consists of kids in families with a history of any addiction such as alcohol addiction and cocaine misuse. However simplistic the concept, teaching youngsters to say “no” to using cigarettes, liquor, and cocaine is an excellent protection tool. If we can keep your kids and our generations to come from the gateway drugs of nicotine, liquor, and marijuana, then we may be able to avoid the escalation to harder drugs such as cocaine and other

People between the ages of 18 and 45 are particularly susceptible to a cocaine-induced heart attack, according to a study published in 2007 in the journal “Clinical Medicine & Research.” These hazards connect with all cocaine customers in this age group, whether or not they have a previous record of heart- or blood vessel-related health issues.

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CAD: Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary heart disease, coronary artery disease (CAD) and ischemic heart disease (IHD) are synonyms and includes a bunch of disease like stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death.

Coronary heart disease develops when the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart itself gets blocked due to the cholesterol or other substances acquired deposited on the inner side of the blood vessels called the plaque, this narrowing of arteries is called atherosclerosis or arteriosclerosis. If it takes place in one of the major heart supplying arteries then it causes heart attack, stroke or peripheral arterial disease (PAD).

It reduces the elasticity of the blood vessels or narrows the inside area restricting the normal flow of the blood. It leads to the deficiency of oxygen in the heart muscles and causes chest pain also called angina.

Angina can be of two types:

Stable angina is the chest pain which occurs regularly with different activities. Unstable angina is when angina changes its intensity, also it can lead to myocardial infarction.

CAD weakens the blood muscles and leads to reduced functioning of heart in pumping the blood into the body, this is called heart failure. This also develops irregular heartbeat or arrhythmia.

Sometimes the plaque ruptures, gets stuck up in the artery somewhere and completely blocks the blood flow leading to oxygen cut off that that particular area causing permanently damaged heart muscle or scarring of them.

Causes: It is caused due to the cholesterol deposition on the inner lining of the blood vessels of the heart muscles.

Symptoms: Initial detection of the disease is done through its symptoms which are:
• shortness of breath (dyspnea)
• chest pain (discomfort in the chest and increasing into travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw)
• sweating
• nausea
• indigestion
• heartburn
• weakness

At risk: People with risk of getting IHD are / with:
• hypertensive
• smokers
• diabetic
• obese
• high blood cholesterol
• High resting heart rate
• Depression and stress
Kidney disease
• Family history
• Lack of exercise
• poor diet
• excessive alcohol intake
• 40 years old men and women are at great risk of developing this disease.

Diagnostic test: There are many test which help in the diagnosis of CAD:
• ECD or EKD: To measure electrical activity, rate and regularity of heartbeat.
• Chest X-ray: Pictures the heart, lungs and other organs of the chest.
• Echocardiogram: Ultrasound waves are used to picture the heart.
• Exercise stress test (EST): While walking on the treadmill, heart rate is measured.
• Cardiac catheterization: Checks the blockage in the heart arteries by inserting a thin, flexible tube through an artery in the groin, arm or neck to reach the heart to collect blood samples and to inject dye.
• Coronary angiogram: Injected dye is detected via X-rays point out the blocked areas in the treaties.

Prevention: To keep the disease at bay people need to control with medication and keep:
• Blood pressure
• Diabetes
Cholesterol
• Proper diet
• Regular exercise
• Less alcohol intake

Management: Changes in the lifestyle is very helpful in living fit and healthy. Medication which help in managing the disease includes:
• Antiplatelet like aspirin
• Statins
• Beta blockers
• Calcium antagonists
• Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
• Nitroglycerin.

Some procedures are also done to increase the inner width of the arteries like percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) like coronary stent and angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).

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Understanding Pericarditis

Pericardial disease or pericarditis is an inflammation of any pericardial layers. Pericardium is a thin double-walled fibroserous sac that surrounds the heart and consists of:

  • Fibrous layer – the most superficial pericardial layer.
  • Serous layer – the inner layer which in its turn is divided into outer parietal and internal visceral layers.
  • Pericardial fluid – the lubricating serous fluid located in the pericardial cavity between the parietal and visceral layers. It serves to reduce the friction of the heart during cardiac contractions.

Pericardium performs an important function by protecting the heart and maintaining its adequate position so that it could work properly.

Causes

In most cases pericarditis develops as a complication of an underlying disease. Since it's an inflammatory condition, it may seem that it could have the consequence of an infectious disease. However, there are different types of pericarditis hanging in its cause:

  • Pericarditis caused by viral, bacterial, parasitic or fungal infections. The most common infectious organisms include streptococcus, Epstein-Barr virus, Candida fungi, toxoplasma, echinococcus.
  • Pericarditis provoked by autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, scleroderma.
  • Traumatic pericarditis that results from severe injuries or trauma in the chest area. Sometimes it can develop after a surgical intervention in this area.
  • Pericarditis developing due to tumors located directly on the pericardial layers or in the adjacent areas.
  • Pericarditis associated with serious metabolic disorders such as Addison's disease.

The most common causes of pericarditis include rheumatism and tuberculosis. Beside, the provoking factors for pericarditis are myocardial infarction, endocarditis, allergic reactions, and radiation therapy.

Symptoms

Since this pathology usually develops as a complication of other diseases, it lacks specific clinical symptoms; however, depending on the type, pericarditis symptoms include any of the following:

  • Piercing or sharp pain in the middle or left side of the chest that can spread to one or both shoulders
  • Attacks of heart palpitations
  • Fever
  • Fast or irregular heart rate
  • Swelling of ankles, legs or feet
  • Breathlessness
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Dry cough

Treatment

The goals of pericarditis treatment involve:

  • Relieving symptoms
  • Treating the under conditions
  • Preventing complications

Treatment methods and its duration are determined by the cause that provoked pollution and complications, if any. Once experiencing first symptoms of pericarditis, one should seek medical advice as soon as possible.

Complications and prognosis

In general, pericarditis is considered a disease with a benign exit since timely qualified treatment leads to a complete recovery in the majority of patients. However, in rare case severe pericarditis can cause serious complications:

  • Cardiac tamponade is caused by too much fluid being collected in the pericardium. It's a dangerous condition that prevails appropriate contract contractions and leads to a dramatic reduction in blood pressure.
  • Chronic constructive pericarditis, a rare disease that needs time for development. It causes the formation of scar-like tissue through the pericardium, which makes it stiff then preventing the heart from functioning properly.

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Some of the Major Cardiac Defects in Children

Heart surgery in children is usually required for repairing defects in the heart. Sometimes children are born with these defects and sometimes they are developed after birth. In both cases, surgery will be required. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery deals with operative procedures in new born and unborn children suffering from cardiac dysfunctions, structural, functional and rhythm related issues. It often deals with heart problems such as structural defects, congenital arrhythmias and cardiomyopathies which result in different kinds of abnormalities related to the heart

Here are some of the major types of cardiac defects in children:

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) – Atrial Septal Defect is most commonly referred to as a hole in the heart. It is a type of a congenital heart defect in which there is an abnormal opening in the dividing wall between the upper filling chambers of the heart – called as atria. ASDs are diagnosed and treated successfully with few or no complications. When such a defect is present, blood flows through the hole primarily from the left atrium to the right atrium. This kind of shaking increases the blood volume in the right atrium which means more blood flows through the lungs than normal. Well, if this condition is left untreated, it may cause greater problems in adulthood. Some of the problems may include pulmonary hypertension, congestive heart failure, atrial arrhythmias and an increased risk of stroke.

Ventricular Septal Defect – This condition includes a hole in the wall of the heart between the right ventricle and the left ventricle. Normally, blood should not pass between the two sides of the heart. Some of the oxygen rich blood leaks from the left ventricle into the right ventricle and then goes back into the lungs. Sometimes this hole is small and does not cause any serious problems with the blood flow. However, if the hole is large, it results in too much blood being pumped into the lungs, leading to congestive heart failure. Further, the heart will have to work harder to pump the blood into the body. As a result, the heart may enlarge in some cases.

Fallot's Tetralogy – Tetralogy means fourfold. This essentially means that there are four defects found altogether:

Pulmonary stenosis – means narrowing at or below the pulmonary valve.

Ventricular septal defect is a defect in the wall between the right and left sides of the heart.

Over-riding aorta – where the aorta allows the right ventricle to pump some blue blood directly into it.

Right ventricular hypertrophy – where right ventricle becomes thickened as it forces some blood into the narrowed pulmonary artery.

There are various procedures used in fixing congenital defects of the heart in children.

Open heart surgery is usually done under general anesthesia. An incision is made through the breast bone and tubes are used to re-route the blood with a heart-lung bypass machine. Thoracotomy is used when the incision is made on the side of the chest, between the ribs. This is also called as closed heart surgery.

It is important to understand the types of heart ailments and the treatments available.

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What Are Cardiac Problems? Treatments and Surgery Options

What are Cardiac problems?
Cardiac problems refer to disorders, diseases or malfunctioning of the heart and its supporting blood delivery system (the veins and arteries – blood vessels).

The cardiac problems are categorized into:

Electrical
Electrical cardiac problems are a result of a defective electrical system which controls the heartbeat. These results in the heart beating significantly faster or abnormally slower. It also results in the heart beats becoming infrequent or unsteady. At times, serious irregular heartbeats (such as arrhythmia) are known to develop into severe heart problems, including cardiac arrest.

Circulatory
Circulatory cardiac problems are related to the blood circulation system of the body. In this type of cardiac disorder, the patient sufferers from high blood pressure and coronary artery disease (obstruction in passageways in the heart). These are known to result in stroke, heart attack and even be fatal if left undiagnosed and untreated for long.

Structural
Structural cardiac disorders affect the structure of the heart, including birth defects, cardiac issues or valve malfunctioning.

What are the types of Cardiac Treatments?
There are a large variety of cardiac treatments available today. These are mostly surgical procedures (conventional and minimally invasive) that are aimed at achieving the cause of the heart problems.

These are some of the most commonly performed cardiac treatment procedures:

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Surgery
The CABG surgery is the most common treatment for circulatory cardiac disorders. As coronary heart disease is caused due to the accumulation of plaque (hardened waxy substance) inside the coronary arteries (blood vessel supplying blood to the heart) the CABG procedure aims to clear the obstruction.

In this surgery, the cardiac surgeon will use a healthy vein or artery (usually from the patient's leg) to act as a replacement for the blocked coronary artery. This grafted blood vessel is connected to bypass the obstructive portion of the original coronary artery and restore normal circulation of blood in the heart.

Heart Valve Replacement surgery
This is an innovative and precise cardiac surgical treatment procedure. This surgery is required to replace a faulty heart valve and prevent the blood from flowing back in to the portion of the heart it has exited.

To treat a faulty valve, the cardiac surgeon will advise repairing the original valve or replace it with an artificial valve implant. The artificial valve implant is made with biological material as well as some artificial substances.

A minimally invasive cardiac valve surgery involves the cardiac surgeon making a small incision (1-2 mm) into the abdomen. A catheter (small and flexible tube) is inserted into the abdomen and guided to the heart through the blood vessels. The cardiac surgeons will use advanced imaging techniques to guide the catheter to the malfunctioning heart valve.

The catheter has an inflatable surgical balloon attached at the far end. When the catheter is precisely guided and stationary over the malfunctioning heart valve, the surgeon will gently inflate and deflate the balloon several times. This allows the malfunctioning heart valve to become wider and allow improved blood flow. This is an efficient minimally invasive cardiac surgery procedure which is used worldwide today for its efficiency in treatment and faster recovery.

Arrhythmia treatment
When the heartbeats are not regular and normal, then the person is suffering from a type of arrhythmia. Initially, the doctor will attempt medicinal drugs to improve the condition, however, if these fail, then the doctor may advise cardiac surgical treatments.

There are various types of cardiac surgical treatments for arrhythmia, such as:

  • Pacemaker – This is an artificial electrical implant device which is surgically implanted under the patient's skin of the abdomen or the chest. Fine wires help connect the pacemaker device to the four chambers of your heart. The device emits low-energy electrical impulses to the heart through connecting wires that help the heart to beat in a normal rhythm.
  • Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) – This is an advanced surgical implant device which is comparatively smaller than a pacemaker and implanted under the skin of the chest or abdomen. Fine electrical wires connect the device to the chambers of the heart. The smart sensor in the ICD detects abnormal heart rhythm and activates immediately restore it to normal level.
  • Maze surgery – This is an innovative cardiac surgery. In this, the cardiac surgeon will create artificial paths for the electrical signals of the heart to travel across better. It is also known as 'Atrial Fibrillation' and is most useful in treating various forms of arrhythmia.

Aneurysm repair
An aneurysm is seen in the form of an abnormal bulge in the wall of the artery or in the heart muscles. This is usually seen as a result of weakening of the artery walls. The pressure executed by the flowing blood inside it causes the weakened portion of the artery to bulge out significantly. If left unnoticed and untreated for long enough, this aneurysm risks rupturing (breaking) and resulting in fatal hemorrhage (internal bleeding).

The cardiac surgeon uses an artificial patch or tissue graft to reinvent the weakened portion of the artery wall and prevent the aneurysm from rupturing.

Heart transplant
A heart transplant is one of the largest cardiac surgeries. This involves the cardiac surgeon removing a malfunctioning heart and replacing it with an implanted healthy donor heart.

This is an extensive cardiac surgery and is mostly the last resort to treat serious cardic conditions (such as last-stage heat failure). It is advised when other alternative treatment methods have proven unsuccessful in respect of the condition.

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