Pelvic Examination – The Procedure and the 3 Parts of the Examination Pelvic examination is a test perfumed on women to examine the pelvic and genital area of the body. The areas that may be included are the vagina, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries, urinary bladder and rectum.
The exam can be diagnostic or therapeutic in nature.
A diagnostic test may be performed for various reasons like pain in the pelvic area, irregular menstrual cycle, excessive bleeding during menstruation and cramps in the lower body. Also, the routine check-ups that are performed by nurses or midwives are done so as to detect potential reproductive problems or cancer growths.
Although the vagina and pelvic regions are private parts and one might not be very comfortable getting the examination done, it might be reassuring to know that the procedure is simple, does not take much time and is seldom painful.
The procedure – Pelvic examination may be divided into three parts:
1. Outer examination
2. Speculum examination
3. Bimanual examination
In the first part of the test the examiner will view the external regions of the pelvic area. This will include the sexual organs – the clitoris, the major and minor labia and the vaginal opening. Additionally, the rectum will be inspected.
The second part of the inspection, the instrument called the speculum will be inserted into the vagina. The speculum is a thin metal or plastic instrument which is, slowly and gently, inserted into the vagina to open it so as to enable the examination of the cervix and interior regions. The cervix is the connection between the vagina and the uterus. After this the Pap smear test is conducted. Some cells from the cervix are wiped away with a brush or tiny swab and studied in the laboratory.
The results of a routine check-up are often normal.
The third section will involve the manual insertion of fingers into the vaginal opening so that the examiner can feel the internals of your system. He / she will enter gloved fingers into the vagina to inspect the fallopian or ovarian tubes, the ovaries and the womb. The same procedure may be transported out through the anus to check the excretory system for signs of any ailment.
A simple way to 'get through' your test is to relax, breathe easy and be calm!
There are many online healthcare services , portals, forums, websites which have loads of information that can help you. So prepare for your test and take it confidently- there is no doubt that you will do well.