Heart surgery helps patients address their heart problems by reducing troublesome symptoms, improving their quality of life, and increasing their chances of survival. Heart surgeries are mostly successful and patients can look forward to a better and improved life after the surgery. Here is what patients may be required to do prior to the operation:

Diet Control

On learning about their condition, patients must immediately switch over to a healthy diet. Although the new diet does not impact the surgery in any way, it at least makes the patient appreciate the value of healthy eating. The patient also understands that he must stick to a healthy diet in the future to keep heart disease at bay. Patients should reduce their salt and red meat consumption and dramatically cut down on alcohol. They should consume fruits and vegetables regularly and generally try to reduce weight to calm down their blood pressure.

No Smoking

Smoking fills the body with toxins, weakens the patient, and makes him an addict. Smoking is nothing but wasting one's hard-earned money to buy a few moments of pleasure and a lifetime of pain.

Exercise

Working out increases the metabolism, burns fat, enhances strength, builds muscles, increases immunity, and makes the person feel and look good. Heart patients can perform light workouts only after receiving their doctor's approval. Once they recover, they should exercise regularly.

Interactions With The Surgeon

The patient must discuss his medical history and medications with his surgeon, who will then inform him if he is required to stop any medication prior to surgery. For example, blood thinners and aspirin can pose risk during the surgical process. Hospitals typically allow patients to meet the surgery team and watch a video that explains the surgical process. The patient may also get to know what to expect on the day of the surgery and receive a handbook that contains information about what is required to be done before and after the surgery, and during the hospital stay.

Fixing Dental Problems Before The Surgery

Dental cavities and other dental problems must be fixed before the surgery because bacteria can enter the bloodstream and cause an infection in the heart valve. The surgeon will also advise the patient to stop smoking before the surgery. The earlier the patient quits smoking, the better it gets for him.

The Night Before The Surgery

  1. The patient can eat a normal meal but he must not eat, drink or chew anything after midnight. This includes water, chewing gum, snacks, etc.
  2. He should not swallow any water while brushing his teeth.
  3. He must shower and wash himself from the neck down with a special anti-bacterial soap.

On The Morning Of The Day Of Surgery

  1. The patient can follow his daily morning care routine. He should wash himself from the neck down with anti-bacterial soap.
  2. If the patient is a woman, she must not apply any cosmetics / makeup. Nail polish that is applied earlier must be removed.
  3. The patient must bring his prescription drugs along.
  4. Valuable items like jewelry, watch, cash, etc., must be left with the accompanying relative or friend.
  5. The patient must wear very comfortable clothes that can be folded easily. The personal belongings of the patient, like clothing and toiletries, would be put in a garment bag, which is handed over to the patient after he is transferred to his room post-surgery.
  6. Hair on the incision area is shaved to prevent any infection.

Hospital Arrival

The patient is directed to the pre-operation area, where he has to wear a hospital gown. He should hand over his wishes to the accompanying friend / relation or to the nurse.

The patient must bring all his prescription medicines, vitamins, medical record, and health insurance information.

This step is not required if the patient is already in hospital because he already would have taken care of these issues.

The nurse may talk to the patient and his family members. She will inform them of what to expect and try to soothe the nervousness, which is normal.

This is all what the patient has to do before heart surgery.